By Jamal Ayton-Brown

AuDHD - The Science, The Signs & How To Help

Introduction: Unravelling AuDHD - Understanding the Science and Signs

In a world that constantly demands our attention, focus, and memory, struggling with challenges like poor concentration, short attention span, and low mood can be a daily battle. This is where AuDHD comes into play. Whether you've been diagnosed or suspect you might be experiencing its symptoms, this article is your guide to understanding AuDHD, its meaning, its impact on your cognitive health, and how to reclaim your mental clarity.


It's important to know what symptoms of ADHD and AuDHD there are, and that these can appear in various ways, affecting individuals of all ages. From the constant cloud of brain fog symptoms to the frustrating struggle with short-term memory, these signs can leave you feeling trapped in a mental haze. But worry not, there's hope on the horizon. Discover how recognising these symptoms is the first step toward regaining control over your mental functions.


What is AuDHD? Navigating the Intersection of Autism and ADHD

AuDHD, an abbreviation for "Autism and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder," represents a unique combination of two distinct neuro-developmental conditions. This relatively new term acknowledges individuals who grapple with both autism and ADHD simultaneously.

The Origins of Autism and ADHD

Exploring the origins of ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is fundamental to understanding these complex conditions. Both disorders are neurodevelopmental in nature, implying that they originate from brain development processes that diverge from typical patterns.

Research indicates that genetics play a significant role in both ADHD and Autism. Numerous studies have identified various genetic markers that are more prevalent in individuals with these conditions. In ADHD, for example, genes related to dopamine regulation are often implicated. While Autism has been linked to genes affecting brain connectivity and communication.

Environmental factors also contribute to the development of these disorders. Prenatal exposures, such as maternal smoking or alcohol use, can increase the risk of a child developing ADHD. In Autism, factors like advanced parental age  have been studied for their potential links.

The development of both ADHD and Autism is influenced by a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors. This multifactorial nature makes it challenging to pinpoint a single cause. It instead points to a range of influences that vary from person to person.

Another key aspect is the timing of symptom onset and diagnosis. Healthcare professionals typically recognize and diagnose ADHD in childhood, often characterizing it by hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention. On the other hand, doctors can sometimes identify Autism in early infancy. But like ADHD, it may not be diagnosed until later in life, especially in milder cases.

By identifying genetic and environmental risk factors, healthcare professionals can better anticipate, diagnose, and support individuals with these conditions.


Autism, a central part of the AuDHD equation, is a complex condition that spans a broad spectrum. It includes a diverse range of traits, challenges, and strengths that shape the way individuals perceive and interact with the world. While each experience with autism is unique, certain characteristics often serve as common threads within the spectrum.

Communication lies at the heart of Autism's variations. Some individuals might struggle with verbal expression, relying on alternative methods like gestures or communication devices. Others may have a rich vocabulary but struggle with the nuances of social interactions and non verbal cues. These variations highlight the complex ways in which Autism can manifest.

Repetitive behaviours and a preference for routines are also key features of Autism. These behaviours can provide individuals with a sense of comfort and predictability in a world that may otherwise feel overwhelming. However, they can also present challenges when adapting is required.

Sensory sensitivities further add to the tapestry of Autism. Lights, sounds, textures – these sensory inputs might be experienced more intensely or differently by someone with Autism. These can influence everything from one's daily routines to their ability to engage in social activities.



Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, is a neurological condition that significantly impacts the ability to focus, regulate impulses, and manage hyperactivity. While often associated with childhood, ADHD can persist into adulthood, impacting various aspects of daily life, whether that's wondering how to focus when studying or stop interrupting in social settings.

The main symptoms ADHD women and men face include inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity and others related to executive function. Inattention manifests as difficulty in sustaining focus on tasks, easily becoming distracted by external stimuli. Hyperactivity presents as restlessness and an inability to stay still, often coupled with a sense of internal restlessness. Impulsivity involves acting without considering potential consequences, which can lead to hasty decisions or interrupting others.

The impact of ADHD extends beyond its core symptoms. Individuals with ADHD may experience issues with time management, organisation, and emotional regulation. These challenges can affect academic, occupational, and social functioning, often leading to frustration and lower self-esteem.



Obtaining a diagnosis for ADHD or autism involves a full process that considers various factors, behaviours, and developmental history. While each condition has its own set of criteria, the journey to diagnosis shares some common elements.

For ADHD, the process typically begins with a thorough assessment by a qualified healthcare professional. This may involve interviews with the individual, their parents or caregivers, and teachers. Behavioural observations and standardised tests might also be conducted to evaluate attention span, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. It's important to note that the presence of symptoms across multiple settings – home, school, and social environments – is a key consideration.

In the case of Autism, diagnosis involves a multidisciplinary approach. Specialists such as psychologists, developmental paediatricians, and speech-language pathologists may be involved. The process includes a test of social communication skills, repetitive behaviours, and sensory sensitivities. Gathering a full developmental history and observing interactions can aid in forming a correct diagnosis.

How Common is AuDHD?

Understanding the prevalence of AuDHD, a term used to describe the co-occurrence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), is crucial in recognizing and addressing the unique challenges faced by individuals with these combined conditions. While each disorder is distinct, their overlap is more common than previously thought.

Recent studies suggest that a substantial proportion of individuals with ASD also display symptoms characteristic of ADHD. Estimates vary, but research indicates that around 30-50% of people with Autism may also meet the criteria for ADHD. Conversely, ADHD populations show a higher prevalence of Autism traits compared to the general population.

This overlap presents a complex diagnostic challenge, as the symptoms of one condition can often mask or overshadow the other, leading to underdiagnosis or misdiagnosis. For instance, the social communication difficulties common in Autism might be initially attributed solely to the inattention or hyperactivity associated with ADHD.

The high comorbidity rate has significant implications for treatment and support. Traditional ADHD treatments may not always be effective for those with AuDHD, as the interventions may need to be adapted to account for the sensory and social communication challenges of Autism.

Furthermore, the recognition of AuDHD as a distinct subset of neurodiversity is growing. This acknowledgment is critical for developing more effective, tailored approaches to therapy, education, and support that address the unique needs of individuals with both ADHD and Autism.

In summary, AuDHD is relatively common, with a significant percentage of individuals with Autism also exhibiting symptoms of ADHD. This comorbidity presents unique challenges in diagnosis and treatment, emphasising the need for increased awareness and specialised approaches to care for those with AuDHD. Understanding the prevalence and complexity of AuDHD is key to providing better, more targeted support for these individuals.

AuDHD Stigma

Stigma surrounding AuDHD (Adult ADHD) remains a significant barrier to seeking diagnosis and treatment. Despite growing awareness, misconceptions and stereotypes about ADHD continue to persist, often leading to the trivialisation or misunderstanding of the condition, especially in adults.

One common misconception is that ADHD is an excuse for laziness or a lack of discipline, not recognizing it as a legitimate neurodevelopmental disorder. This stigma can lead to feelings of shame or inadequacy among those with AuDHD, discouraging them from seeking help or discussing their struggles openly. Such perceptions can also impact the willingness of healthcare professionals to diagnose and treat ADHD in adults, further compounding the issue.

The workplace is another arena where AuDHD stigma is prevalent. Adults with ADHD may face challenges in organizational skills, time management, or maintaining focus, which can be misinterpreted by employers and colleagues as incompetence or disinterest. This misunderstanding can lead to career setbacks and a lack of support or accommodations that could facilitate better performance.

Social stigma also extends to personal relationships. Adults with AuDHD may find it difficult to manage their emotions or keep up with social commitments, which can strain friendships and family dynamics. The erratic nature of some symptoms can lead to misunderstandings and strained relationships, often leaving individuals feeling isolated and misunderstood.

Breaking down this stigma is crucial. It begins with education, helping the public, healthcare professionals, and employers understand that ADHD is a complex condition that extends beyond childhood. Highlighting the diverse ways ADHD can manifest in adults is essential in fostering empathy and support for those affected.

In summary, the stigma surrounding AuDHD presents significant challenges, often hindering diagnosis, treatment, and support. Combating this stigma through education and awareness is key to improving the lives of those with AuDHD, ensuring they receive the recognition and assistance they deserve.


Shared Symptoms: Unveiling the Connection Between Autism and ADHD


Repetitive Movements

Repetitive movements, a characteristic trait shared by both Autsim and ADHD, provide a window into the complex interplay of these neurodiverse conditions. While often associated with Autism, these movements can also be observed in individuals with ADHD, highlighting the nature of their coexistence.

In the AuDHD world, these moves come in all flavours. Think hand flapping, rocking, or tapping – these movements help sufferers of ADHD and Autism either chill out or handle their feelings. Over on the ADHD side of things fidgeting takes the stage, foot tapping joins the rhythm, and moving positions becomes the signature dance.

These moves aren't just habits, they have a purpose. For those with autism, they offer some level of comfort. And for those with ADHD, they're energy vents, keeping mentally in the zone when focus gets harder and harder.

Seeing these moves as more than quirks lets us peek into the secret language of AuDHD. It's like a back stage pass to the wild ride of neurodiversity. By giving these moves their due respect as clever strategies, we can high five the awesome adaptability of those who rock the dance floor of these connected conditions.


Executive Function

Welcome to the control room of the brain – the realm of executive function, a shared symptom of both autism and ADHD and therefore of course, AuDHD. executive function plays a pivotal role in our ability to plan, organise, focus, and adapt to changing situations. As we explore this intricate facet, we uncover the fascinating ways in which executive function relates to these neurodiverse conditions.

For individuals grappling with Autism, executive function can resemble a busy control centre navigating a complex air traffic system. Challenges may arise in managing time, setting goals, or switching between tasks. The ability to break down larger tasks into manageable steps might require extra effort, and staying on track could feel like going through a maze.

Meanwhile, in the world of ADHD, the executive function control panel may experience some glitches. Time management might be difficult, and impulsivity might jump into the decision-making process without invitation. Keeping an eye on priorities can sometimes can be a struggle, and the ability to shift gears without getting lost can pose a genuine challenge.

By understanding the shared executive function challenges in autism and ADHD, we open the door to tailored strategies and interventions that empower individuals to harness their strengths while addressing difficulties head-on, for example, use of natural remedies such as the best lion's mane supplements can be of help here. This deeper insight allows us to appreciate the complex nature of the neurodiverse landscape and offer meaningful support to those working through the intricate roads of executive function.


sensory processing - AUDHD

Sensory Processing

Imagine sensory processing as a puzzle piece that snugly fits into the bigger picture of AuDHD, Autism and ADHD. It's all about how we experience the world through our senses – the touch of a hand, the colours we see, the sounds we hear.

For individuals struggling with Autsim, sensory processing is like being the conductor of a sensory orchestra. Sometimes, things like bright lights or the texture of clothes can be super intense – it's like a drum beat you can't ignore. Other times, they might almost vanish completely. These sensory experiences can play a big role in how we feel and act each day.

Now, let's switch gears and dive into ADHD. It's like turning up the volume on our senses. Background noises become super loud, and tiny details can grab our attention in a snap. This can sometimes make it a bit tricky to focus on just one thing, like trying to read while a rock band is jamming out nearby.

Understanding this sensory processing link helps us see the common ground between Autsim, ADHD and AuDHD. It's like finding a special thread that ties them together. By knowing how these conditions connect through sensory experiences, we can learn to manage things better. Creating comfy spaces and finding ways to work with the senses can help sufferers find their strides and make the most of their unique journey in the world of neurodiversity.



Socialising is the art of connecting with others and having friendly conversations. It's like entering a space where ideas, feelings, and experiences come together to create meaningful interactions. However, within the realms of Autism and ADHD, the dynamics of socialising take on specific hues, offering us a glimpse into how these conditions influence our communication and relationships.

In the context of Autism, socialising becomes an interesting realm where the nuances of communication unfold. Imagine it a a secret code of emotions and intentions. Reading facial expressions and understanding social cues might sometimes feel like piecing together a puzzle. Navigating when to add to a conversation or gauging the emotional tone can require more effort. Despite the challenges, this mode of interaction often reveals a refreshing level of candour and sincerity.

With ADHD, socialising takes on a dynamic rhythm of its own. Engaging in conversations becomes akin to catching bursts of inspiration, where attention flits from topic to topic like a playful butterfly. Staying fully attuned to a single conversation thread might pose a bit of a challenge, as thoughts will often meander through various avenues. This can occasionally lead to interruptions or wandering thoughts, creating a special conversational style.



Emotional Regulation

Emotional regulation is all about how we manage our feelings. Think of it as having a toolbox full of ways to handle emotions, whether we're super excited or feeling a bit down. In Autism, ADHD and AuDHD, this toolbox has unique tools that show us how these conditions affect how those with the condition deal with their feelings.

For people with Autism, emotional regulation is a bit like leading a ship in stormy waters. Sometimes, it takes longer to understand what we're feeling or why. This can make it hard to find the right way to cope with those big emotions. But here's something cool – it also gives the ability to express emotions honestly and without any hidden tricks.

Now, let's focus on ADHD's way of handling emotions. It's like trying to catch a playful insect – emotions might move by quickly. Sometimes, we might feel extra sensitive, and small things can trigger big feelings, with frustration often being a frequent outcome. This can make it a bit tricky to keep your emotions smooth and stable. There are medicinal mushrooms UK brands offer which can help with this.


Divergent Brain Patterns

A divergent brain pattern refers to a unique way in which an individual's brain processes information, thinks, and responds. It is characterised by thinking styles that deviate from the typical norms. Divergent brain patterns can show as unconventional approaches to problem solving, creativity, and perception.

In the context of neurodiversity, individuals with conditions like AuDHD may exhibit these kinds of brain patterns. 

These patterns add to their own mental strengths, preferences, and ways of experiencing the world. Divergent brain patterns shed light on the richness of human cognitive variability, emphasising that there isn't a single "normal" or standard way of thinking or processing information.

The brain patterns of autism and ADHD unfold uniquely. Neurodivergent individuals have a collection of specific ways of thinking, combined with individualisms that make us who we are. These act as guiding principles, shaping learning, and understanding of the world.

In the landscape of autism, brain patterns resemble an unconventional route on a map. This divergence grants keen observance of details, enabling extreme exploration of subjects that pique curiosity. It's akin to a magnifying glass for thoughts, enhancing innovative proble solving—a personalised superpower in facing challenges.

Shifting to ADHD's brain patterns, envision a cascade of swift, radiant sparks. Thoughts flicker and ideas twinkle like stars. This dynamic cognition fuels potent creativity, especially in moments of passion and fervour. It's akin to a whirlwind of inspiration, propelling progress and forward motion.


Navigating AuDHD involves exploring a variety of effective treatments and strategies. From therapies that empower better understanding of thoughts and emotions to lifestyle changes that enhance daily functioning, these treatments offer valuable tools for individuals seeking to manage and thrive in the face of these neurodiverse conditions. Let's delve into the world of treatments that can make a positive impact on the lives of those experiencing ADHD and AuDHD.


Cognitive Behavioural Therapy - AuDHD

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, or CBT, is a type of talking therapy that helps us deal with our thoughts, feelings, and actions. It's like having a guide who teaches us how our minds work and how to handle challenges.

In CBT, we learn that our thoughts, feelings, and actions are connected. It's about figuring out how they affect each other. It's like solving a puzzle to understand ourselves better.

For people with AuDHD, CBT is a useful tool. It provides ways to manage emotions, like calming down when you're frustrated. It also helps with ways to stay focused and manage excess energy, to help harness the innate creativity.

CBT is not a quick fix – it's a skill learnt over time. It's like practicing a sport to get better. You work with a trained professional who helps you use CBT to get through challenges and improve how you feel.

So, CBT is like a map that helps us understand ourselves and make positive changes. It's a way to become better at handling your thoughts and feelings, making your journey through AuDHD smoother and more successful.

An ADHD support group can also be a great way to build upon learnings that come from CBT sessions.

Executive Function Therapy

Executive Function Therapy is a specialised type of therapy that focuses on improving our executive functions – those mental skills that help us manage our lives. This therapy guides us to strengthen our mental muscles.

It teaches you how to plan things step by step, like making a strategy to win a game. You also learn how to organise your tasks and time, making everything feel less overwhelming.

But that's not all! Executive Function Therapy also hones your attention skills, making it easier to focus on what's important. It's like tuning your brain's radio to the right station. We learn how to control impulses, so we don't act without thinking. It's like having a superhero shield that protects you from making impulsive decisions.



Psycho-education refers to the process of providing information and education to individuals, families, or groups about psychological and mental health issues. The aim of psycho-education is to enhance understanding, promote awareness, and empower individuals to better manage and cope with their mental health conditions or those of their loved ones.

Psycho-education typically involves teaching individuals about the nature of their condition, its causes, symptoms, treatment options, and strategies for coping and self-management. It can be delivered through various methods, including individual sessions with mental health professionals, group therapy, workshops, written materials, videos, online resources, and more.

Psycho-education is commonly integrated into various therapeutic approaches, such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), and family therapy.


Educational / Vocational Support

Educational and vocational support offers you a helping hand tailored to your needs. Whether you're in school or at work, this kind of support ensures you have the tools and accommodations necessary for success.

In the world of education, teachers and specialists can provide extra support to make learning easier. It's like having a toolkit of resources that help you excel. For example, you might get more time on tests or use special tools to help with reading or writing. This assistance ensures that your unique learning style is acknowledged and respected.

In the realm of work, bosses and colleagues can make adjustments that play to your strengths. You might receive clear instructions, have tasks broken down into smaller steps, or be given flexibility in how you complete your work. This kind of support ensures that your skills shine brightly in the workplace.

Educational and vocational support recognises that everyone learns and works differently. By creating an environment that values your strengths and offers the tools you need, this support helps you reach your full potential in both the classroom and the professional world and find roles that best utilise the positives of AuDHD.



Pharmacological Treatments

Pharmacological treatments involve using special medicines prescribed by doctors to manage AuDHD symptoms. These medicines are like tools that help fine-tune your brain's activities. They can be incredibly helpful in reducing challenges and improving your overall well-being.

Doctors carefully select the right medicine and dosage, customising the treatment to suit your unique needs. Some medicines can enhance your focus and attention, making it easier to complete tasks and stay on track. Others can help manage impulsivity, ensuring that you think before you act. 

It's important to note that these medicines are part of a comprehensive approach. Just like a well-balanced meal is essential for a healthy body, these treatments are most effective when combined with other strategies, like therapy and lifestyle changes.



Supplements can provide essential nutrients that support your brain's health and function. Just as athletes take vitamins to stay strong and energised, supplements can offer a boost to your cognitive well-being. It's worth looking at natural energy boosters or vitamins for energy and depression, as these can help with specific symptoms.

One supplement that has gained attention is Lion's Mane, a mushroom extract. Lion's Mane is believed to have properties that enhance cognitive abilities. 

Other supplements, like B12 or Omega-3, offer potential benefits for overall health and vitality. These supplements help to nourish your brain and body from the inside out, helping you feel your best and tackle daily challenges with more energy. It's also worth a look into nootropics for ADHD, mushrooms for ADHD or a range of mushroom coffees.

Before trying any supplements, it's important to consult with a doctor. Just like seeking a coach's advice before making changes to your training routine, a medical professional can help you make informed decisions about which supplements might be right for you.

Supplements are a complementary part of a comprehensive approach to managing AuDHD and ADHD. When used wisely and under the guidance of a healthcare provider, they can contribute to your overall well-being and support your journey towards a healthier and more balanced life.


A Natural Solution - The Shruum by jrny

You could try to buy some of the above ingredients individually, though that could be a bit expensive. But jrny has got you covered! Introducing The Shruum – a unique natural solution designed to support brain health. Think of it as a special recipe that blends the goodness of nature to provide targeted benefits for neurodiverse individuals.

This contains a combination of mushroom extracts, including Lion's Mane, Cordyceps, and Chaga. Lion's Mane can enhance cognitive functions, whereas Chaga is a mood balancer and Cordyceps helps to provide natural energy which can wean help you off of harmul substances, like coffee.

But that's not all – The Shruum also includes Rhodiola Rosea and Ginkgo Biloba. Rhodiola Rosea is known for its potential to reduce stress and fatigue whilst Ginkgo Biloba supports memory and concentration. Both have been tested on humans in peer reviews and PHD studies with positive results on the benefits in relation to ADHD - particularly in increasing dopamine production and limiting frustration levels. 

Incorporating The Shruum into your daily routine contributes to a more vibrant and enriched life. By harnessing the benefits of these powerful adaptogens, The Shruum offers a natural and wholesome way to nurture your brain and support your overall health and well-being and for the neurodiverse, can even help unleash some of your superpowers such as hyper-focus, creativity and speed of thought.

The Shruum makes a versatile companion to any AuDHD journey due to it's infusion with cocoa powder and raw cacao, for a luxurious chocloatey taste which can be drank hot, cold or mixed into protein shakes and teas.

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It's clear that these neurodiverse conditions are multi-faceted, each presenting its own unique challenges and opportunities. The journey through these conditions is not a solitary one – it can be paved with knowledge, support, and an array of effective treatments.

From understanding the intricate interplay of symptoms to uncovering the power of diverse brain patterns, we've delved into the heart of neurodiversity. The common threads that weave through austim, ADHD and AuDHD have shown us the interconnectedness of these conditions, while also highlighting the distinct experiences each individual brings to the table.

Use our Female ADHD Quiz as starting point, if you're a woman who is considering taking the step to diagnosis.


What is the difference between AuDHD & ADHD?

Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is an emerging, informal term used to describe individuals who exhibit traits of both autism and ADHD. There exists a certain degree of symptom overlap between ADHD and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), which can occasionally pose challenges in accurately diagnosing either or both conditions. Shared AuDHD symptoms include impulsivity, learning variations, challenges in social interactions, difficulties in emotional regulation, unconventional movements (such as fidgeting and stimming), as well as struggles with executive functions like organisation, planning, and multitasking. Those that exhibit more Autism symptoms can experience Delayed language development difficulty forming relationships with peers, repetitive behaviours such as hand flapping or rocking back and forth, poor eye contact, difficulty understanding facial expressions or body language and even insistence and inflexibility on routines.


Can ADHD mask Autism?

Short answer, yes! Some ADHD symptoms occur in autistic people and vice versa. This is due to the symptom overlap between the two conditions, however, autism symptoms tend to exhibit later in life than ADHD.


How do you unmask ADHD Autism?

Individuals that suffer from AuDHD can “unmask”. Individuals on the autism spectrum often experience a significant sense of relief upon discontinuing their camouflaging behaviours. The unmasking process elicits diverse reactions from friends and family, with some responses being more positive than others. Steps to unmask can include acknowledging internalised ableism, reflecting on your solitary self, observe behaviours altered for others, rekindle passions, determining your individual tempo, connect with a neurodiverse community and seeking assistance from professionals.


Can you claim PIP for ADHD & Autism?

Absolutely, you have the potential to receive Personal Independence Payment (PIP) if the following criteria apply to you:

  • You are 16 years old or above.
  • You contend with a persistent physical or mental health condition, or disability (encompassing conditions like autism, ADHD, dyslexia, and DCD/dyspraxia).
  • Engaging in specific daily tasks or mobility poses challenges for you (this includes difficulties linked to sensory processing variations, motor coordination, planning, and the execution of daily activities hindered by issues related to executive functioning).
  • Anticipate these challenges to persist for a minimum of 12 months from their onset (considering neurodivergence as a lifelong condition).
  • If you haven't previously received PIP, you must also be under the State Pension age.


A lot of neurodiverse people tend not to pursue claiming PIP due to the stressful nature of the process. Just try to remember that PIP can be incredibly helpful in helping you to manage your ADHD or AuDHD.


How do I apply for PIP with ADHD?

To apply for PIP, simply follow the guidelines on the governments website here. There are also helpful guides on helping neurodiverse individuals apply.



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